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Objectively Measured Physical Activity and Cognitive Function in Older Adults.

TitleObjectively Measured Physical Activity and Cognitive Function in Older Adults.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsZhu, W, Wadley, VG, Howard, VJ, Hutto, B, Blair, SN, Hooker, SP
JournalMed Sci Sports Exerc
Date Published2017 01
KeywordsAccelerometry, African Continental Ancestry Group, Aged, Cognition, Cognition Disorders, European Continental Ancestry Group, Executive Function, Exercise, Female, Humans, Incidence, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Memory, United States

PURPOSE: Emerging evidence suggests physical activity (PA) is associated with cognitive function. To overcome limitations of self-report PA measures, this study investigated the association of accelerometer-measured PA with incident cognitive impairment and longitudinal cognition among older adults.METHODS: Participants were recruited from the cohort study Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke in the United States. Accelerometers provided PA measures, including the percentage of total accelerometer wearing time spent in moderate-to-vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA%), light-intensity PA, and sedentary time for four to seven consecutive days at baseline. Cognitive impairment was defined by the Six-Item Screener. Letter fluency, animal fluency, word list learning, and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (orientation and recall) were conducted to assess executive function and memory.RESULTS: Participants (N = 6452, 69.7 ± 8.5 yr, 55.3% women, 30.5% Black) with usable accelerometer and cognition measures spent extremely limited time in MVPA (1.5% ± 1.9% of accelerometer wearing time). During an average of 3 yr of follow-up, 346 cases of incident cognitive impairment were observed. After adjustments, participants in higher MVPA% quartiles had a lower risk of cognitive impairment (i.e., quartile 2: odds ratio = 0.64, 95% confidence interval = 0.48-0.84) and better maintenance in executive function (≥0.03 z-score units) and memory (≥0.12 z-score units) compared with quartile 1 (P < 0.05). Stratified analyses showed the same association among White adults, but higher MVPA% was associated with better maintenance of only memory among Black adults. No significance was found for light-intensity PA or sedentary time.CONCLUSION: There was a dose-response relationship between MVPA% and cognitive function in older adults, with higher levels associated with a 36% or lower risk of cognitive impairment and better maintenance of memory and executive function over time, particularly in White adults.

Alternate JournalMed Sci Sports Exerc
PubMed ID27580146
PubMed Central IDPMC5161659
Grant ListR01 NS061846 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States
U01 NS041588 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States