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Men Lacking a Caregiver Have Greater Risk of Long-Term Nursing Home Placement After Stroke.

TitleMen Lacking a Caregiver Have Greater Risk of Long-Term Nursing Home Placement After Stroke.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsBlackburn, J, Albright, KC, Haley, WE, Howard, VJ, Roth, DL, Safford, MM, Kilgore, ML
JournalJ Am Geriatr Soc
Date Published2018 Jan

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Social support can prevent or delay long-term nursing home placement (NHP). The purpose of our study was to understand how the availability of a caregiver can affect NHP after ischemic stroke and how this affects different subgroups differently.DESIGN: Nested cohort study.SETTING: Nationally based REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study.PARTICIPANTS: Stroke survivors aged 65 to 100 (256 men, 304 women).MEASUREMENTS: Data were from Medicare claims from January 2003 to December 2013 and REGARDS baseline interviews conducted from January 2003 to October 2007. Caregiver support was measured by asking, "If you had a serious illness or became disabled, do you have someone who would be able to provide care for you on an on-going basis?" Diagnosis of ischemic stroke was derived from inpatient claims. NHP was determined using a validated claims algorithm for stays of 100 days and longer. Risk was estimated using Cox regression.RESULTS: Within 5 years of stroke, 119 (21.3%) participants had been placed in a nursing home. Risk of NHP was greater in those lacking available caregivers (log-rank P = .006). After adjustment for covariates, lacking an available caregiver increased the risk of NHP after stroke within 1 year by 70% (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.70, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.97-2.99) and within 5 years by 68% (HR = 1.68, 95% CI = 1.10-2.58). The effect of caregiver availability on NHP within 5 years was limited to men (HR = 3.15, 95% CI = 1.49-6.67).CONCLUSION: In men aged 65 and older who have survived an ischemic stroke, the lack of an available caregiver is associated with triple the risk of NHP within 5 years.

Alternate JournalJ Am Geriatr Soc
PubMed ID29071708
PubMed Central IDPMC5777871
Grant ListR01 NS075047 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States
K24 HL111154 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
K12 HS023009 / HS / AHRQ HHS / United States
U01 NS041588 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States
R01 HL080477 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States