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Fine particulate matter and incident coronary heart disease in the REGARDS cohort.

TitleFine particulate matter and incident coronary heart disease in the REGARDS cohort.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsLoop, MShane, McClure, LA, Levitan, EB, Al-Hamdan, MZ, Crosson, WL, Safford, MM
JournalAm Heart J
Volume197
Pagination94-102
Date Published2018 Mar
ISSN1097-6744
Abstract

Chronic exposure to fine particulate matter (PM) is accepted as a causal risk factor for coronary heart disease (CHD). However, most of the evidence for this hypothesis is based upon cohort studies in whites, comprised of either only males or females who live in urban areas. It is possible that many estimates of the effect of chronic exposure to PM on risk for CHD do not generalize to more diverse samples.METHODS: Therefore, we estimated the relationship between chronic exposure to PM and risk for CHD in among participants in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) cohort who were free from CHD at baseline (n=17,126). REGARDS is a sample of whites and blacks of both genders living across the continental United States. We fit Cox proportional hazards models for time to CHD to estimate the hazard ratio for baseline 1-year mean PM exposure, adjusting for environmental variables, demographics, and other risk factors for CHD including the Framingham Risk Score.RESULTS: The hazard ratio (95% CI) for a 2.7-μg/m increase (interquartile range) 1-year mean concentration of PM was 0.94 (0.83-1.06) for combined CHD death and nonfatal MI, 1.13 (0.92-1.40) for CHD death, and 0.85 (0.73-0.99) for nonfatal MI. We also did not find evidence that these associations depended upon overall CHD risk factor burden.CONCLUSIONS: Our results do not provide strong evidence for an association between PM and incident CHD in a heterogeneous cohort, and we conclude that the effects of chronic exposure to fine particulate matter on CHD require further evaluation.

DOI10.1016/j.ahj.2017.11.007
Alternate JournalAm. Heart J.
PubMed ID29447790
PubMed Central IDPMC5819617
Grant ListR01 HL080477 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32 HL007457 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
T32 HL079888 / HL / NHLBI NIH HHS / United States
U01 NS041588 / NS / NINDS NIH HHS / United States